Authors: V. Prikhodko, A. Soloviev, L. Petrova, E. Makarenko
Abstract The authors discuss existing global and European problems in Engineering Education and how to solve them. The latter-day main topic of Bologna process is Accreditation of Education Programmes and educators. The activity of International Society for Engineering Education IGIP and its Russian Monitoring Committee in preparation of engineering teachers and their international accreditation is analyzed. It is spoken about important role of the European Commission Tempus-projects in the growth of academic mobility.
Abstract In clause the results of experimental researches are submitted according to a degree of influence of a technical condition of a forward suspension bracket and steering management on stability and controllability of the bus. As complex diagnostic parameter of a technical condition of considered units the withdrawal of the bus is chosen. The mathematical model reflecting degree of influence of structural and diagnostic parameters on a withdrawal of the bus is devel-oped. As object of research the buses of the stamp LIAZ-5256 were chosen.
Abstract In the article is described a devised method of the strain gauges optimum construction choice at the junction placement of the cornering force in the stepless control system of the toe-in vehicle at movement, which includes stressedly-deformed condition rating with the help of the final element method and the results of its application.
Abstract In the article there are discussed the questions of the neuro-diagnostics and prognosis electro-drive efficiency with using of ANFIS. The wear of electro-drives makes worse the static and dynamic characteristics and sometimes results in accidents. With the help of neuron nets it` s possible to prognoses on the time the working parameters deflections, to compare them with the accident deflections and to draw a conclusion about the efficiency of the electro-drives.
Abstract In the article examined structure and process forming of heuristic program of diagnosis industrial objects by the example of combustion engine motor-car. Such programs allow complex to take into account production and scientifically research experience, in the process forming long-term and rapidly information with adaptation of concrete conditions on basis of static handling of embodied arrays of diagnostic information.
Authors: G. Sharonov, S. Frantsev, V. Vikulov, E. Domke
Abstract Results of comparative bench tests of natural gas engine KAMAZ with some of lighting systems are resulted. Influence parametres of the spark on fuel economy and emission of pollutants by the natural gas engine is analysed.
Keywords gas engine, lighting system, spark digit, ecology.
Abstract The method of hydrodynamical calculation of Common Rail fuel system with the most advanced at present piezoelectrohydraulics injector (PEHI) is described in this article. Calculations results carried out by means of the use of mathematical models complex are presented. The complex includes mathematical models of fuel supply processes, injection, atomization, evaporation and combustion, and also mathematical model of work process of four stroke diesel engine.
Keywords fuel system, method of hydrodynamical calculation, mathematical models complex.
Abstract The main content of the Article is seeking of reasonable approach to maintenance of complicated technical systems (launch and technical rocket-space complexes) during long (after guarantee) operating period with maintaining of specified characteristics of equipment; decreasing of failures probability; minimal costs and reasonable consumption of SPTA (Spare Parts, Tools and Accessories). Analytical dependences for determination of optimal terms of maintenance are presented. Goal of the approach is providing of safe operation.
Authors: A. Garkina, A. Danilov, E. Domke, E. Korolev
Abstract From the point of view of generalized system theory and material science the multi-criteria optimization of the structure and properties of composite materials is examined. In the example of cognitive modeling of concretes with special properties the special attention is given to qualitative analysis of composite materials as systems.
Abstract Article deals with the problems of modeling chemical and thermal processes of nanoscale strengthening phases formation in order to receipt new physical and mechanical properties of the finished products (solid-achieving, durability, heat resistance, etc.).
Keywords nanoclusters, amorphous phase, thermal processes, a mathematical modeling, integral equations.
Abstract A subsystem management skills as part of an integrated information system of organization using the rating assessment, adaptive testing and sequence variation studies, depending on the caliber of employee. A conclusion on the effectiveness of high technology i-Learning for the development of human capital.
Keywords information systems, human capital, certification, documentation of the activities, assessment of professional knowledge, expertise, i-Learning, adaptive testing, evaluation rating system.
Abstract The articles gives the critical analysis of the implementation of consolidated taxation in Russia. It defines the consolidated group, principles of consolidation and gives comments and recommendations concerning the future modification of the draft bill.
Abstract In the article definitions theoretical of aspects of integration on transport, most preconditions of development integration on transport’s system; is present of potential of integration on motor transport.
Keywords integration, economical nature of transport, self-organization, potential of integration on motor transport.
Authors: P. Yurchik, V. Golubkova, A. Moskalev, F. Komkov, M. Ayman
Abstract The decisive role in keeping enterprise competitiveness and volume of sale in the economic crisis conditions is decreasing industrial expenses. The priciples of business process chanes shrinkage and the quality measures were described. The model for building optimized supply chains snd methods of their integration were proposed to result working efficiency. In the document the software and technical solutions were considered to optimize enterprise information flows. These solutions enable storing and processing external and internal information flows effectively. They allow standardizing data transmission between enterprise departments and avoid duplicating, reprocessing or verification of data.
Abstract Within the discussion of the process of quality management system design, formation, implementation and certification the opportunities of using skills and knowledge of specialists of advanced subdivision (chair) aiming to anticipate the development and implementation of QMS documentation in practical activity of EI are considered.
Keywords educational institution, quality management system, design and development, certification.
Abstract In the article the concept оf economy is given from the point of view of optimum distribution of resources. One of directions of the savings of financial assets is considered on the basis of - revealing priorities at the maintenance of bridge constructions. The method of choosing of Dhority bridge constructions for the maintenance and repair is offered. Results of an estimation of bridge constructions are demonstrated and ways of preservation and prolongation of service life of Dhority bridge constructions are offered.
Abstract Here is a software module of automatic control complex for remote control of the space station. Purpose of the work was to allow to facilitate operator’s working and to provide quality of roads and bridges projecting.
Keywords control complex, station of track, module of automatic.
Authors: A. Nikolaev, La Xuan Thang, E. Kotlyarskii, Shen Yan
Abstract The article presents the most effective approaches of pavement distress segmentation as well as comparison their effectiveness. The author proposes a new approach of combining the relaxation and threshold regression methods, which presents a better performance on the test set of images.
Keywords image processing, segmentation, pavement distress, automated system, the cover of the road.
Abstract The authors of article offer the mathematical model allowing the motor transportation enterprises to choose least expenditure variant of fastening customers of export reused solid industrial wastes for rubbish overload stations, and also fastening rubbish overload stations for the items of reception reused materials.
Abstract In the article is given the analysis of the basic constructions and principles of the devices operation, which allow to automate the process of a soil cutting by a scraper. The dependence of the coefficient of skidding wheels and the draft power from the drawbar power developing by tow is defined.
Authors: A. Iluhin, M.Chantieva, R. Gematudinov, Z. Hakimov
Abstract In the article the development of the new method of calculation of the composition of composite materials is represented. The development of this method is based on the mathematical simulation of the structure of composite materials.
Keywords a filtration, sewage treatment methods, concrete structure, structure of composit materials, porosity of concrete
Abstract This article is a research of seasonal uneven of goods transportation in Chuvash Republic. For seasonal fluctuation’s measurement the seasonal indexes are calculated and the planned value of transportation for every month of the next year is obtained. As a result the analysis of annual fluctuation is carried out and the model of seasonal have like Furie’s harmonic lines is obtained.
Keywords seasonal fluctuation’s, value of transportation, seasonal indexes.